What is Diamond Curse?

The “diamond curse” refers to the phenomenon where the abundance of natural resources, particularly diamonds, in a country leads to conflict and civil wars. The diamond trade has been linked to violence, corruption, and exploitation in many countries, particularly in Africa. This essay critically examines the diamond curse as the bedrock of civil wars and ethnic conflicts around the world.

The diamond trade has been linked to conflicts in several African countries, including Sierra Leone, Angola, and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). In Sierra Leone, for example, the diamond trade fueled a civil war that lasted from 1991 to 2002. The Revolutionary United Front (RUF) rebel group, which was responsible for much of the violence during the conflict, funded its activities through the sale of diamonds. Similarly, in Angola, the diamond trade helped fuel a civil war that lasted from 1975 to 2002.

The link between diamonds and conflict is not limited to Africa. In South America, for example, the diamond trade has been linked to violence and exploitation in countries such as Venezuela and Guyana. In Venezuela, illegal diamond mining has led to violence and environmental degradation, while in Guyana, there are concerns about child labor and exploitation in the diamond mines.

The diamond curse is often linked to corruption and weak governance. In many countries where diamonds are found, there is a lack of transparency and accountability in the management of natural resources. This creates opportunities for corruption and for powerful individuals or groups to control the diamond trade for their own benefit. This can lead to conflict as different groups vie for control of the diamond trade.

The diamond curse is also linked to poverty and inequality. In many countries where diamonds are found, local communities do not benefit from the wealth generated by the diamond trade. Instead, the benefits are often concentrated in the hands of a few individuals or groups. This can lead to resentment and conflict as local communities feel that they are being exploited and excluded from the benefits of the diamond trade.

In conclusion, the diamond curse is a complex phenomenon that is linked to conflict, corruption, and inequality in many countries around the world. While diamonds are not the sole cause of conflict and civil wars, they have played a significant role in fueling violence and exploitation in many countries. Addressing the diamond curse will require a concerted effort to promote transparency, accountability, and good governance in the management of natural resources.

Shey Julius Nkuh

A Conflict Resolution graduate currently persuing Master's Degree in the University of Buea, Cameroon. Believes in the role of the media as an educational, informational and entertainment tool . He is also passionate about creating awareness to societal crisis. For this reason, has dedicated most of his time to charity. He derives pleasure in blogging and creating contents for you.

Related Articles

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Back to top button